Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Conference Image Clinical microbiology and molecular microbiology is the investigation of science which manages the investigation of the sub-molecular premise and any microorganisms which cause diseases. The reason for this investigation is on the human ailment, this concentration is contemplated by the premise of the case from the body site, kind of liquid or particular body tissue. The microbiologists must have the capacity to express the alteration between normal microorganisms expected in a specimen and those causing an infectious disease.  The new microorganisms are being uncovered constantly and they are propelled increasingly opposing the anti-microbial.  Thus, they are refined on a fake medium in the research centre and along these lines, it is discovered whether it is microscopic organisms or parasites or infection amid the season of sickness.

 

Pure Microbiology provides a broad platform of a large plethora of research and plenty of new insights into different areas of Microbiology.
 
Different branches of Microbiology include mycology, Virology, Immunology, infectious diseases , bacteriology, nematology, parasitology, etc., The antibiotics are the agents used against pathogenic bacteria, either orally or paternally.

Current research in virology includes the investigation of mechanism of HIV replication and pathogenesis .Diseases such as  Alzheimer's disease and HIV-1-associated dementia. Other research involves chronic and latent infections caused by viruses such as Epstein-Barr and Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpes virus and herpes simplex and the retrovirus. Scientists  are also studying viral host interactions along with the mechanism of viral induced cellular transformation.Drug-drug interactions happen when a drug interacts, or meddles, with another drug. change the way either of the drug demonstration in the body, or cause sudden reactions. The drug included can be doctor prescribed solutions, over-the-counter meds and even vitamins and normal items.

The study of parasites that multiply inside bacteria by making use of the host biosynthetic machinery is known as bacterial virology. Bacteriophages are the viruses that infect and replicate in bacteria. Since the early 1970s, bacteria have continued to develop resistance to antibiotics such as penicillin, and this has led to a renewed interest in the use of bacteriophages to treat serious infections.
 
It deals with viruses that infect fungi are known as Mycoviruses.  Mycoviruses have double-stranded RNA genomes and isometric particles, but about 30% of them have positive sense and single-stranded RNA genomes, to be a  true Mycoviruses, they must have an ability to be transmitted ( in other words be able to infect other healthy fungi).

Conference Image The spreading of viruses and viral infectious diseases across the globe is referred to as epidemiology. The epidemiologic studies of infectious diseases have concentrated on the factors which influence the acquisition and spread because this knowledge is essential for developing methods of prevention and control. Basically, epidemiologic studies and the application knowledge which gained from them have been essential to the control of the epidemic diseases, such as cholera, plague, smallpox, yellow fever, and typhus.

 

Viral gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection marked by watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea or vomiting, and sometimes fever. The most common way to develop viral gastroenteritis — often called stomach flu —is through contact with an infected person or by ingesting contaminated food or water. If you're otherwise healthy, you'll likely recover without complications. But for infants, older adults and people with compromised immune systems, viral gastroenteritis can be deadly. There's no effective treatment for viral gastroenteritis, so prevention is key. In addition to avoiding food and water that may be contaminated, thorough and frequent hand-washings are your best defense.

Viral immunology is simply the study of immune responses to viruses. A prolonged tissue-damaging effect resulting from an immune reaction against viruses is considered immunopathology. Such situations most commonly involve persistent viruses, which are themselves often mildly cytodestructive in the absence of an immune reaction. Chronic tissue damage initiated by viruses can also result in development of an autoreactive and an occasionally oncogenic response

Viral epidemiology is about the study of the occurrence and spread of viruses in population over time. The features like host, virus and the specific environment of growth are monitored to determine the dynamics of viral infections, the ultimate target is to devise intervention policies. In the sense of epidemiology, the 'pathogenicity' is the extent of total infections that produce the evident disease, which is almost varying from virus to virus and may be affected by some host factors. This analysis prominence on the epidemiology of recently appeared virus and infectious diseases in humans and other animals. The diseases are acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), bovine spongiform encephalopathy, canine haemorrhagic disease and respiratory syndrome in animals like horses.

 

Microbial physiology is the progression of understanding the factors like cell assembly, growth factor, metabolism and the genomic arrangement of microorganisms. This is about the interconnection of the disciplines of microbiology, biochemistry, and inheritances of a bacterial cell. The genomics also plays a vital character where microbial physiology and genomics are inter-related. The experiment of microbial physiology and genomics are based on molecular biology concerned with the structure and function and evolution of a cell, the term genomics also defines the same, added it illustrates the mapping of genomes. To be more specific a genome is an organism’s complete set of DNAs which includes all genes.

 

Viruses are smaller and simpler in construction than unicellular microorganisms, and they contain only one type of nucleic acid—either DNA or RNA—never both. As viruses have no ribosomes, mitochondria, or other organelles, they are completely dependent on their cellular hosts for energy production and protein synthesis. They replicate only within cells of the host that they infect. Animal virology developed largely from the need to control viral diseases in humans and their domesticated animals. Viruses, like other infectious agents, enter the animal body through one of its surfaces. They then spread either locally on one of the body surfaces or through lymphatic and blood vessels to produce systemic infection. Iridoviridae and African Swine Fever Virus, adenovirus, Papillomavirus and Polyomavirus, herpesvirus are some of the major viruses causing diseases in cattle. At least one major disease of each domestic animal species except sheep is caused by a herpesvirus, including such important diseases as infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, pseudorabies, and Marek's disease. However, there are several approaches to their prevention, control, and eradication. The most generally useful control measure is the use of vaccines.

Antiretroviral therapy refers to HIV treatment that uses a combination of two or more antiretroviral drugs. Antiretroviral therapy revolutionized HIV treatment upon its introduction in 1996. Antiretroviral therapy is an effective treatment for HIV. It does not cure the condition, but it can reduce the viral load to undetectable levels. This means that the virus is not transmittable through sexual activity and a person's immune system can recover. It usually takes around 3–6 months for the viral load to reach undetectable levels.

Pure Microbiology provides a broad platform of a large plethora of research and plenty of new insights into different areas of Microbiology.
 
Different branches of Microbiology include mycology, Virology, Immunology, infectious diseases , bacteriology, nematology, parasitology, etc., The antibiotics are the agents used against pathogenic bacteria, either orally or paternally.

Neurological viral diseases is the most important field that signifies the connection of clinical neuroscience, virology, immunology, and molecular biology. The main target of this field is to investigate the viruses which can infect the nervous system. Without this there is a additional study of this division, the use of some viruses to trace neuroanatomical pathways, for gene therapy, and to eliminate detrimental populations of neural cells.

Conference Image Neurovirology is the most important field that signifies the connection of clinical neuroscience, virology, immunology, and molecular biology. The main target of this field is to investigate the viruses which can infect the nervous system. Without this, there is an additional study of this division, the use of some viruses to trace neuroanatomical pathways, for gene therapy, and to eliminate detrimental populations of neural cells

 

The Novel Coronavirus disease is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus (COVID-19). In humans, coronaviruses cause respiratory tract infections that can range from mild (common cold) to lethal (SARS, MERS, and COVID-19) and recover without requiring special treatment and in birds and mammals also cause various diseases. People with medical problems like diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, and cancer and also in elder are more likely to develop serious illness. At present, no specific treatment is there for disease caused by a novel coronavirus.

Most of the infectious diseases occur when organisms like bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi get contact with our bodies and make us sick. These sicknesses can spread from person to person. A disease condition called Hepatitis, defined by the tenderness of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. Hepatitis A is an intense irresistible infection of the liver instigated by the hepatitis A virus.  HCV can spread mostly by blood-to-blood contact linked with the intravenous drug. The IHV focusses in the treatment of HIV/AIDS and other chronic viral diseases, such as Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, and the Human Papilloma Virus Infection.

 

Currently, molecular studies on replication, assembly, and host interactions of insect viruses have contributed enormously to molecular, cellular, organismal biology. The ease with which many insect viruses are propagated in cell cultures or live animals, the high yields virus particles or virus encoded macromolecules and the simplicity with which many insect viruses can be genetically manipulated represent just a few experimental advantages provided by these pathogens.
 
Viral epidemiology is concerned with study of incidence and spread of viruses in population over time. Host, virus and environmental factors are monitored to determine the dynamics of viral infections, the ultimate goal of which is to devise intervention strategies

Paediatrics is a subdivision of the science of medicine which includes the medical care of infants, children, and adults. Pediatric infectious diseases are that which is formed due to microorganisms and other microbes like bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other pathogens. These types of pathogens infect the children and make them ill causing several problems in the body. These infectious diseases may lead to the problems like Diarrhoea and vomiting in babies and infants. When the infections get saviour problem, it interrupts the sleeping pattern of babies projecting them with the pain of difficulties. The most common Pediatric infectious diseases are Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) and Sepsis and the contagious form of infections in babies.

 

Viral oncology is a branch of oncology, in which it is worried about the treatment of human diseases/tumors and cancer with virus particles. Roughly 20% of all cancers worldwide results from chronic infections up to 15% of human diseases are described by a viral etiology with higher frequency in Developing Countries. Recently, the infectious nature of specific tumors has important implications in their prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. Now there are many significant kinds of research and experiments are going in viral oncogenesis for treatment of malignancy.

 

Diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases are done by doctors along with the help of lab technicians and thereby regulates what kind of infections are occurred. They first diagnose the symptoms during the process of image scanning or by other tests. The laboratory test includes various kinds of infectious diseases which are similar to symptoms and signs. In a few cases, the body fluid or the sample collected for testing exposes the microbe which is invaded into the human body causing illness. The doctor diagnoses in efficient way and proceeds with the treatments. During the diagnosis doctors follow various forms of diagnostic measures or methods such as Blood test, Urine test, Throat swabs, Stool sample, Spinal tap. Apart from these, they follow some image scanning techniques and Biopsies. After inventing the proper type of disease, the physician/doctor prescribes the equivalent dosage of drug/medications.